Let’s take a look at the tooth. The part, which can be seen in the mouth, is the crown and the part not seen and buried in the bony socket of the jaw firmly enclosed, is the root. The crown of the tooth is covered with the enamel, one of the hardest natural substances known. Dentin, which lies just under enamel forms, the bulk of the tooth. It is yellowish and is not as hard as enamel. Pulp is the soft tissue that fills the chamber of the center of the tooth and the canals that extends down the roots of the tooth. It contains nerves and blood vessels. Cementum – a thin bone like tissue covers and protects the tooth root. There are twenty teeth which can be seen in a baby’s mouth – 8 incisors, 4 canines and 8 molars, they are called as milk teeth or more scientifically deciduous teeth. The first teeth generally come into the mouth when the child is between 6 and 14 months old. They may be the two center front teeth on the bottom, or the two center front teeth on the top. Some children get their teeth early; some get late. Every baby’s schedule is different. The parents can use this chart to track the development of their child’s milk teeth. However, every child’s mouth is unique and teeth develop at their own pace. If any tooth seems to come in (erupt) or come out (shed) very early or very late, consult your pediatric dentist.
Tooth decay in children is neglected because of the misconception that milk teeth are not important since “they are going to fallout anyway”.
The 20 primary teeth are designed to function during the childhood years .some of them until the child is 10 or 12 years old and hey have several important jobs to do. Primary teeth are foundation teeth.
The first baby (primary) teeth erupt when the child is about 6-8 months old. There are altogether 20 baby teeth that will erupt completely when the child is 25 – 33 months old. It is essential to keep these baby teeth clean and free from disease because they should not be regarded as just disposable items they are infact as important as the permanent teeth for the following reasons:
The baby teeth help in chewing and digestion – physical and partial chemical digestion before the food is chemically digested by the gastric juices.
The baby teeth are necessary for speech development e.g. the words th, f and lisping sounds require front teeth, the child could be teased by peers ,leading to reluctant smile ,mix with others and make new friends.
Probably the most important function of the baby teeth is to maintain sufficient space for the adult (permant)teeth to erupt into correct position .the first adult tooth (first molar teeth) starts developing when the foetus is 7-8 months old in the utero (in the mothers womb) and will continue to develop as the child grows .it finally erupts in the mouth at the age of 6. the primary teeth are therefore very necessary in guding these adult teeth into correct straight position.
And don’t forget “Healthy Decay free Primary Teeth create a Healthy Environment for the Permanent Teeth”.